Coronavirus disease is an infectious disease caused by a news virus known as COVID-19. This novel coronavirus outbreak is a pandemic. This pandemic has spread across a large region like over multiple continents or worldwide.
Infected people with the COVID-19 virus will experience mild to moderate respiratory illness (like flu virus) with symptoms such as a cough, fever and in more severe cases and difficulty in breathing. People in different ages, such as older and those who are with underlying medical problems like cardiovascular, diabetes, chronic respiratory and cancer are the reason for developing a serious illness.
Symptoms of Coronavirus
Different people are affected by the COVID-19 virus. People who have underlying medical conditions and those over 60 years old, they have a higher risk of developing severe disease and death.
Common symptoms of coronavirus includes:
- Dry cough
Other symptoms are includes:
- Shortness of breath
- Pains and aches
- Sore throat
- Very few people suffer diarrhea and nausea
If you have the emergency warning signs for COVID-19 then take medical attention immediately. This emergency warning signs includes:
- Trouble in breathing
- Persistent pain in the chest
- New confusion or inability to excite
- Bluish lips or face
Symptoms may appear 2-14 days after exposure. People who have mild symptoms, should be self-isolated and contact their medical provider or a COVID-19 information line for advice on testing. Immediate medical treatment needed for those people who have fever, cough and difficulty in breathing.
How to Protect Yourself
How it Spreads:
– The novel Coronavirus disease spreads primarily through contact with an infected person when they cough and sneeze. It can also spread when a person touches an object or surface that has the virus on it, then touches their eyes, nose or mouth.
– There is currently no available vaccine to prevent coronavirus disease (COVID-19). The vaccine of this novel coronavirus is now under experiment.
– There is a best way to prevent illness is to avoid being exposed to this virus.
– This virus is spread from one person to another person.
– Between people who are in close contact with one another (the range is within about 6 feet).
– Through the respiratory droplets produced when a coronavirus infected person coughs or sneezes.
– These droplets can take in the mouths or noses of people who are nearby.
Testing for COVID-19
Who it should be tested
It is not really necessary for every person to be tested for COVID-19. Here, some information that might help in making decisions.
- Most of the people have mild illnesses and are able to recover at home.
- There is no specifically approved treatment for this novel coronavirus.
- Testing results may be helpful for decision-making.
- Medical authorities have guidance for who should be tested and who should not.
- Clinicians and medical staff should work with their state and local health departments. And coordinate through public health laboratories or work with clinical or commercial laboratories.
How to get tested
If you have the symptoms of COVID-19 and want to get tested then try to call your state or local health department or a medical provider. Supplies of these tests are increasing and it may be difficult to find a place for testing.
What to do after you are tested
- If you test positive for COVID-19 then you should take medical treatment immediately.
- If you test negative for COVID-19 then you are probably not infected by the novel coronavirus at the time your specimen was collected. But this test does not mean any guarantee that you will not get sick. It is possible that you could test positive later or you could be exposed later and then develop illness. But a negative test result does not rule out getting sick later.
Widespread transmission of COVID-19 around the whole world in coming months, most of the population will be exposed to this coronavirus. You should continue to practice all the necessary measures and steps which is recommended to keep yourself and others risk free from illness.
To prevent infection and to slow down the transmission of COVID-19 and do the following steps:
Take steps to protect yourself
Clean your hands often
- Wash your hands often with soap and water for at least 20 seconds especially when you come back from outside or touching your nose, coughing or sneezing.
- If soap and water are not available then in that time try to use a hand sanitizer which contains alcohol (at least 60 percent). Cover all surfaces of your hands and rub them together until they become dry.
- Must avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth with your unwashed hands.
Avoid close contact
- Must avoid close contact with people who are sick with coronavirus.
- Keep distance between yourself and other people if coronavirus (COVID-19) is spreading in your community. This is really important for those people who are at higher risk of getting very sick.
Take steps to protect others
Stay home if you are sick
- Stay home if you are sick and try to get medical care.
Cover coughs and sneezes
- Must cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when you cough or sneeze and use the inside of your elbow when you cough.
- Must throw the used tissues in the trash.
- Immediately, try to wash your hands with soap and water for at least 20 seconds of time. If soap and water are not readily available then clean your hands with a hand sanitizer which contains alcohol (at least 60 percentage)
Wear a facemask if you are sick
- If you are sick: You should wear a facemask when you are outside and the time when people around you (e.g., sharing a room or vehicle). If you are not able to wear a facemask (because sometimes it causes trouble in breathing). Then try to do your best to cover your coughs and sneezes and people around you who are with you and who are caring for you should wear a facemask if they enter your room or stay in your room.
- If you are not sick: It is not necessary to wear a facemask unless you are caring for someone who is sick. These facemasks may be in short supply and they should be saved for caregivers.
Clean and disinfect
- Try to clean frequently touched surfaces daily such as tables, doorknobs, light switches, countertops, handles, desks, phones, keyboards, toilets, faucets, sinks and etc.
- If surfaces are dirty, clean them as early as possible then use detergent or soap and water for cleaning.
There is no specific medicine to prevent or treat novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19). People may need supportive care to help them breathe.
If you have mild symptoms then stay at your home until you have recovered. You can relieve your symptoms if you:
- Take rest and sleep
- Keep yourself warm
- Drink plenty of water and liquids
- Take a hot shower to help ease a sore throat and cough
- Take necessary medical treatments
If you develop a fever with cough and have difficulty in breathing then call in advance and tell your health provider of any recent travel or recent contact with travelers.